Na sequência do encerramento de The Daily News a 12 Setembro 2003, a Associated Newspapers of Zimbabwe (ANZ) obteve uma importante vitória legal quando, a 24 de Outubro, o Tribunal definiu a MIC ( Media and Information Commission) como "impropriamente constituída".
O Tribunal ordenou ainda que o registo das duas publicações da ANZ - The Daily News e The Daily News on Sunday - fosse avaliado com isenção, e que o respectivo licenciamento fosse atribuído até 30 de Novembro 2003. Se assim não fosse, os dois jornais seriam automaticamente registados.
Interpretando a decisão do Tribunal como uma autorização para o regresso às edições, The Daily News saiu à rua a 25 de Outubro. E, em duas horas, esgotaram-se as primeiras 50,000 cópias.
momentos depois, as milícias de Mugabe prendiam 18 jornalistas que preparavam a edição do dia seguinte.
Impune, e ralando-se para os tribunais, a ditadura de Mugabe voltava criminalizar a imprensa.
dia-a-dia da polícia de Mugabe
o sindicalista Samuel Khumalo
é um dos delegados ao Congresso dos Sindicatos do Zimbabwe (ZCTU) que foi preso, brutalizado e posteriormente atirado para o mato pela policia de Mugabe aquando de uma manifestação pacífica a 8 de Outubro 2003.
a manifestação tinha como objectivo protestar contra os altos impostos, o custo de vida (inflação superior a 450%), falta de transportes devido à escassez de combustível, e contra a grosseira violação dos direitos humanos e sindicais.
foto e texto de Zvakwana (enough is enough)
Interim dateline (www.daily-news.co.za)
The Daily News ordeal highlights
- September 11 2003: Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku and four other Supreme Court judges sitting as a Constitutional Court rules that Associated Newspapers of Zimbabwe (ANZ), publishers of the Daily News and the Daily News on Sunday was operating illegally following a constitutional appeal by the newspaper against some sections of the repressive Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act (AIPPA).
The court said that the ANZ should first register with the state's Media and Information Commission (MIC) before its arguments could be heard.
- September 12: Heavily armed police raid the offices of the Daily News, seize computers and other equipment and order the place shut claiming Chidyausiku's ruling empowered them to do so.
- September 13: Police seal off ANZ offices at Old Mutual House in Harare city centre and all keep the publishing company's factory on the outskirts of Harare under tight guard to ensure the company cannot publish its two titles.
- September 15: ANZ applies to the MIC to have its two papers registered. On the same day the publishing company's Editor-in-Chief, Francis Mdlongwa, tenders his resignation.
- September 16: Police confiscate computers and other equipment from ANZ offices. the seized equipment is taken away to the headquarters of the Police's Support Unit at Chikurubi Maximum Security prison presumably for safekeeping.
- September 18: High Court Judge Yunus Omerjee grants ANZ temporary relief ruling that the company could continue operating its newspaper business while the application for registration was being determined by the MIC. The Attorney General's office appeals against Omerjee1s ruling. The matter is still pending.
- September 19: MIC chairman Tafataona Mahoso and his commissioners meet to decide on ANZ's application for registration. The commissioners unanimously agree that ANZ should be denied registration allegedly because it had operated illegally for eight months.
- September 22: Police charge five directors of ANZ, including chief executive officer Sam Sipepa Nkomo, for allegedly illegally operating a media business without licence.
- September 23: ANZ appeals to Administrative Court challenging the decision by Mahoso and his MIC to refuse to register the company's newspapers.
- September 25: Police charge nine Daily News reporters for allegedly operating without being accredited with the MIC. Police charge several more journalists working for ANZ over the same allegation as the week progresses. The state is still to bring the scribes before the courts.
- October 1: ANZ applies to the High Court seeking the court to order the police to return computers and other equipment they seized from the newspaper company. Justice Tendai Uchena dismisses the application without giving reasons.
- October 16-19: Administrative Court President Michael Majuru hears ANZ's appeal against the MIC's decision not to register its two newspapers.
- October 24: Majuru upholds ANZ's appeal, finds that the MIC had shown its handling of ANZ's application for registration. The judge also rules that the MIC is not properly constituted and orders Information Minister Jonathan Moyo to appoint a new commission in accordance with the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act.
Majuru orders the new commission to award ANZ a licence to operate its newspapers by November 30 2003, or failure to do so the publishing company's two titles would be deemed registered.
xitizap # 8